Instead, virtue theories of ethics should be treated as ways to understand how we become moral creatures. The numerical value of Virtue ethics in Chaldean Numerology is: 9, The numerical value of Virtue ethics in Pythagorean Numerology is: 6. Virtue ethics is a framework that focuses on the character of the moral agent rather than the rightness of an action. Privacy Policy Those theories focus on the question, "Which action should I choose?" LinkedIn What actions will be characteristic of the sort of person I want to be. It is less concerned with how we act from time to time and more worried about what kind of person we are all of the time. The unexamined life is not worth living. 4) Say why you think the virtue approach to morality is or is not preferable to our standard way of approaching morality. Virtue ethics focuses on the development of sound moral character rather than moral rules. It holds that the proper goal of human life is eudaimonia (which can be variously translated as "happiness", "well-being" or the "good life"), and that this goal can be achieved by a lifetime of practicing "arête" (the virtues) in one's everyday activities, subject to the exercise of "phronesis" (practical wisdom) to resolve any conflicts or dilemmas which might arise. Other moral theories share a common difficulty not found in virtue ethics. ETHICS IS ABOUT RELATIONSHIPS benevolence, kindness, compassion, etc), which we can identify by looking at the people we admire, our moral exemplars. The difference between these three approaches to morality tends to lie more in the ways in which moral dilemmas are approached, rather than in the moral conclusions reached. Order Essay. Bespoke consulting, leadership and counselling programs to help you navigate complexity. Virtue ethics has not been a very common topic for recent study. They are all held under the Chatham House Rule to encourage genuine and open debate, and allow participants to candidly discuss sometimes sensitive issues in private while allowing the topic and nature of the debate to be made public, and contribute to a broader conversation. Bad actions display the opposite, such as cowardice, treachery, and ignorance. It does, however, date back to the ancient Greek thinkers and is thus the oldest type of ethical theory in Western philosophy. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. But, how do I do that? While it is easy to say how to follow a rule, and simple to follow a formula for happiness, deciding what the “Virtuous” thing to do in a situation is may be difficult for people just starting out in the process of become a good person. The Advantages of Virtue Ethics Virtue ethics offers a broader conception of ethics in general. On this matter, virtue ethics can be attractive. Ethics, Morals, and Values: How Do They Relate? Virtue ethics is a system that allows us to ask not only “What should I do?”, but also “How should I be?” with each action. For example, a consequentialist may argue that lying is wrong because of the negative consequences produced by lying—though a consequentialist may allow that certain foreseeable consequences might make lying acceptable. A deontologist might argue that lying is always wrong, regardless of any potential "good" that might come from lying. But it’s one thing to know what’s right – it’s another to actually do it. Virtue Ethics, however, embraces moral luck, arguing that the vulnerability of virtues is an essential feature of the human condition, which makes the attainment of the good life all the more valuable. But doing the right thing is not always so simple, even though few people deliberately choose to develop vicious habits. Yet, encouraging correct motivations is very often a key component of the moral education of young people. NAVIGATE COMPLEXITY Some argue that the whole concept of personal well-being (which is essentially just self-interest) as an ethical master value is mistaken, especially as its very personal nature does not admit to comparisons between individuals. This is particularly true in the earliest years when the more complicated decision-making processes are not yet possible. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. Virtue ethics emphasizes the central role played by motives in moral questions. Perhaps a key to understanding virtue theories of ethics is to regard them as ways to approach moral psychology rather than moral epistemology, or knowledge. To act from virtue is to act from some particular motivation. They say its principles aren’t specific enough to help us overcome difficult ethical conundrums. Black Friday Sale! The first is called The Golden Mean. This is for a simple reason, as both systems have been at the forefront of ethics for the last two hundred years. Proponents counter that virtues in themselves are concerned with how we respond to the needs of others, and that the good of the agent and the good of others are not two separate aims, but both result from the exercise of virtue. 3) Describe and define the virtues, give some examples and say how the contribute to a good life. These philosophers argued that the primary moral good is to maximize the total happiness. Philosopher Peter Singer is one of the foremost modern consequentialists . There are three main strands of Virtue Ethics: Eudaimonism is the classical formulation of Virtue Ethics. The predominant in European ethics was the Platonic-Aristotelian tradition, according to which the general definition of the notion of virtue receives a continuation and addition in the analysis of individual virtues. What virtues are characteristic of the person I want to be? This rational activity, he judged, should manifest as honesty, pride, friendliness, wittiness, rationality in judgment; mutually beneficial friendships and scientific knowledge. Virtue ethics can remind us of the importance of role models.


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